Required Inspections

The Town of Wake Forest is dedicated to providing thorough and efficient inspections to safeguard the public health and safety of our community. Recent Legislation (GS 160A-412) has passed that limits the inspections that we may add or require. Due to this legislative change, there are limitations on how far a project may progress until the required inspections listed in section 107.1 of the NC Administrative Code are approved. Our inspection department feels that this will extend the time and cost of your home construction. To help keep your home construction moving along, (at the builder’s request) we will conduct certain courtesy inspections as a benefit to you. Listed below are the mandated inspections, under each inspection we have added notes on how this affects the progression of your project and when each phase of construction can be inspected.

§ 160A‑412. (B) 

 “Except as provided in G.S. 160A‑424, a city may not adopt a local ordinance or resolution or any other policy that requires regular, routine inspections of buildings or structures constructed in compliance with the North Carolina Residential Code for One and Two Family Dwellings in addition to the specific inspections required by the North Carolina Building Code without first obtaining approval from the North Carolina Building Code Council.”

107.1 General. The inspection department shall perform the following inspections:

1. Footing inspection;

2. Under-slab inspection, as appropriate;

3. Foundation inspection, wood-frame construction;

4. Rough-in inspection

5. Building framing;

6. Insulation inspection;

7. Fire protection inspection; and

8. Final inspection.

107.1.1 Footing inspection. Footing inspections shall be made after the trenches are excavated, all grade stakes are installed, all reinforcing steel and supports are in place and appropriately tied, all necessary forms and bulkheads are in place and braced, and before any concrete is placed.

107.1.2 Under-slab inspection. Under-slab inspections, as appropriate, shall be made after all materials and equipment to be concealed by the concrete slab are completed.

107.1.3 Foundation inspection, crawl space. Foundation and crawl space inspections shall be made after all foundation supports are installed. This inspection is to check foundation supports, crawl space leveling, ground clearances and positive drainage when required.

  • We encourage that the floor joist system be in place for this inspection so we can check ground clearances and inform you of violations that may exist prior to installing the floor sheathing.

107.1.4 Rough-in inspection. Rough-in inspections shall be made when all building framing and parts of the electrical, plumbing, fire protection, or heating-ventilation or cooling system that will be hidden from view in the finished building have been placed but before any wall, ceiling finish or building insulation is installed.              

How this affects you

  • No insulation and/or air barriers installed in concealed spaces until after rough-in inspection approval.

  • No siding (wall finished) installed until after rough-in inspection approval.

  • No brick or stone veneer (wall finish) installed until after rough-in inspection approval.

You may choose to

  • Wait until the rough-in inspection approval before completing these phases of the project.

or 

  • Request the following courtesy inspections

    • Concealed Insulation Inspection

    • House wrap/Window Inspection

    • Brick/Stone Veneer Inspection

107.1.5 Building framing inspection. Framing inspections shall be made after the roof, excluding permanent roof covering, wall ceiling and floor framing is complete with appropriate blocking, bracing and firestopping in place. The following items shall be in place and visible for inspection:

1. Pipes;

2. Chimneys and vents;

3. Flashing for roofs, chimneys and wall openings

4. Insulation baffles; and

5. All lintels that are required to be bolted to the framing for support shall not be covered by any exterior or interior wall or ceiling finish material before approval. Work may continue without approval for lintels supported on masonry or concrete.

How this affects you

  • No siding installed until after building-framing inspection approval. (Flashings, wall bracing, hold-down straps require inspection.)

  • No brick or stone veneer installed until after building framing inspection approval. (need to inspect flashings and any bolted lintels)

You may choose to

  • Wait until the building framing inspection approval before completing these phases of the project.

or

  • Request the following courtesy inspections

    • House wrap/Window Inspection (This inspection covers; flashing, moisture barrier, wall bracing, hold-down straps, window energy compliance, etc.)

    • Brick/Stone Veneer Inspection (This inspection covers; flashing, moisture barrier, lintel bolting, etc.)

107.1.6 Insulation inspection. Insulation inspections shall be made after an approved building framing and rough-in inspection and after the permanent roof covering is installed, with all insulation and vapor retarders in place, but before any wall or ceiling covering is applied.

How this affects you

  • No air barriers can be install for this inspection

You may choose to

  • Wait until after the rough-in and building-framing inspection has been passed/approved.

or

  • Request the following courtesy inspections

    • Concealed Insulation Inspection

107.1.7 Fire protection inspection. Fire protection inspections shall be made in all buildings where any material is used for fire protection purposes. The permit holder or his agent shall notify the inspection department after all fire protection materials are in place. Fire protection materials shall not be concealed until inspected and approved by the code enforcement official. 

107.1.8 Final inspection. Final inspections shall be made for each trade after completion of the work authorized under the technical codes.